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   2011| July-September  | Volume 32 | Issue 3  
    Online since March 17, 2012

 
 
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REVIEW ARTICLES
A progressive review of Sandhana kalpana (Biomedical fermentation): An advanced innovative dosage form of Ayurveda
Anand Chaudhary, Neetu Singh, Madhuri Dalvi, Asmita Wele
July-September 2011, 32(3):408-417
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93925  PMID:22529661
Sandhana kalpana (biomedical fermented formulations) are one of the best dosage forms of Ayurveda in practice since thousands of years. In order to prepare these medicaments, certain sets of conditions are prearranged, which lead to fermentation. Thus, products bequeath with self-generated ethyl alcohol, which potentiate these preparations (Asava-Arishta), pharmaceutically and therapeutically. Commonly, medicinal and commercial components of these formulations are prompting many researchers to contribute in manufacturing, quality control, safety, and efficacy of these formulations. To cope up with this, literature related to Asava-Arishta has been surveyed from the Vedic period to recent publications of Government of India, ie, Ayurvedic Formulary of India, and presented briefly here. In this review paper, we have discussed pioneering facts such as nature and amount of carbohydrate, type of containers, optimum temperature, variety and relevance of initiator of fermentation, manufacturing, regulatory rules, and business aspects of Asava-Arishta. After going through this basic information, any academician or researcher may show a way to further strengthen this dosage form.
  10,128 1,334 15
ORIGINAL ARTICLES - CLINICAL RESEARCH
Efficacy of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera Dunal. Linn.) in the management of psychogenic erectile dysfunction
Prasad Mamidi, AB Thakar
July-September 2011, 32(3):322-328
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93907  PMID:22529644
Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been defined as the persistent inability to attain and maintain an erection sufficient to permit satisfactory sexual performance. By 2025, men with ED will be approximately 322 million, an increase of nearly 170 million men from 1995. The present study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) in the management of psychogenic erectile dysfunction. In this study, a total of 95 patients with psychogenic erectile dysfunction satisfying the DSM IV TR diagnostic criteria were selected, out of them 86 patients completed the course of treatment. In Trial Group, Ashwagandha root powder and in Control group, Placebo (Wheat powder) were given for 60 days. Treatment selection and its allocation were done by following computerized randomization plan. Criterion of assessment was based on the scoring of International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) Scale. Paired and Unpaired t test were used for statistical analysis. In Trial group (n=41), 12.6% and in Control group (n=45), 19.11% of improvement was observed with the significance of (P<0.001). There was no significant difference (P>0.05) found in between the two groups. Both Ashwagandha and Placebo provided no relief (<25% improvement on IIEF) in psychogenic erectile dysfunction.
  7,560 949 13
REVIEW ARTICLES
Modified Ksharasutra Chikitsa for 'Shambukawarta Bhagandara'
Mahesh Kumar Harit, Amar P Dwivedi
July-September 2011, 32(3):418-421
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93926  PMID:22529662
Horse-shoe Fistula is a big challenge for both Modern and Ayurvedic Surgeons. We can correlate this with 'Shambukawarta Bhagandara' described by Sushruta. Here, fistula forms secondary to an ischiorectal abscess and both the ischiorectal fossae are involved. Also, they open posteriorly into the anal canal, at the 6 o'clock position, and are associated with a big cavity lying superior (above the levatorani). Therefore, in such a clinical feature neither Fistulotomy ('Wanley operation') nor 'Ksharasutra' treatment alone, prove useful. After going through this, we can say that there is a definite need for newer surgical innovative techniques, to tackle this challenging disease. An integral approach of 'Fistulectomy along the arms of the Horse-shoe fistula with Ksharasutra ligation' in the remaining track connected to the anal canal, and drainage of the postanal space abscess, proved to be very successful. We have tried the same technique with very good results. No recurrence was found in the patients during the follow-up period of three years. The given diagrammatic presentation of the plan of surgery will help to understand the procedure.
  7,494 450 -
PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Evaluation of anti-depressant and anxiolytic activity of Rasayana Ghana Tablet (A compound Ayurvedic formulation) in albino mice
Yogesh S Deole, Sulakshan S Chavan, BK Ashok, B Ravishankar, AB Thakar, HM Chandola
July-September 2011, 32(3):375-379
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93918  PMID:22529654
In recent years, many Ayurvedic formulations are being researched to provide an effective antidepressant and anxiolytic drug in the field of psycho-pharmacology. The present study was planned to evaluate the anti-depressant and anxiolytic activity of Rasayana Ghana Tablet comprising three herbs Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia Miers), Aamalaki (Emblica officinalis Garten) (RGT) and Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris Linn). Swiss albino mice were divided into four groups of six animals each, comprising of both male and female in each group. Group I received water served as normal control (WC), group II received vehicle and served as vehicle control (VC), group III received Rasayana Ghana tablet and group IV received standard drug diazepam (2 mg/kg) for anxiolytic study in elevated plus maze and standard antidepressant imipramine (5 mg/kg) for anti-depressant activity in behavior despair test. Rasayana Ghana tablet along with ghee and honey as vehicle is found to be having antidepressant and anxiolytic activity in experimental animals. Thus, this formulation can be used in prevention and treatment of depression and anxiety.
  6,141 748 4
ORIGINAL ARTICLES - CLINICAL RESEARCH
Development and standardization of Mysore Tridosha scale
S Shilpa, CG Venkatesha Murthy
July-September 2011, 32(3):308-314
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93905  PMID:22529642
The authors have developed a personality scale to assess Tridoshas i.e. Vata, Pitta, and Kapha from psychological perspective in human beings. The Tridoshas are composed of the Pancha Mahabhutas, but one or the other Dosha is dominant singularly or in combination. There can never be a state when one or the other Pancha Mahabhutas and consequently the Tridoshas are absent totally. All five are essential to sustain life. Vata Dosha is composed of Akasa and Vayu Mahabhuta. Pitta Dosha is composed of Tejas or Agni and Ap Mahabhuta. Kapha Dosha is composed of Ap and Prithvi Mahabhuta. Although Tridosha is studied, understood, and applied in Ayurveda, the present authors have tried to validate the same from the domain of psychology. Since the authors are not from the domain of Ayurveda but of Psychology, there are some constructs that are not amenable for psychological testing which have been ignored. Only those constructs that can be used by psychologists to assess the psychological aspects of the Dosha Prakriti have been used to build items for the assessment of personality. In this process, the psychometric properties of the scale are established. The scale assesses the psychological manifestation of the Tridoshas, which was the basic objective. The standardization procedure involved in the development of the Mysore Psychological Tridosha Scale is herewith delineated.
  5,295 931 5
PHARMACEUTICAL STANDARDIZATION
Effect of Shodhana (processing) on Kupeelu (Strychnos nux-vomica Linn.) with special reference to strychnine and brucine content
Swarnendu Mitra, VJ Shukla, Rabinarayan Acharya
July-September 2011, 32(3):402-407
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93923  PMID:22529660
Kupeelu (Strychnos nux-vomica Linn.) commonly known as nux vomica is a poisonous plant used extensively in various ayurvedic formulations, with great therapeutic significance. Ayurveda recommended the administration of Kupeelu only after purification in different media like cow's urine (Go mutra), cow's milk (Go dugdha), cow's ghee (Go ghrita), Kanji (sour gruel), and so on. Apart from the classical methods some other methods are also adopted by the traditional practitioners using castor oil (Eranda taila), ginger juice (Ardraka swarasa), in the purification of Kupeelu seeds. In the present study an attempt has been made to purify the seeds by performing two different methods (one classical and another traditional) using Kanji and Ardraka swarasa as Shodhana media. This study reveals that both the methods studied reduce the strychnine and brucine contents in comparison to the raw seeds as determined by high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC). After purification in Kanji and Ardraka swarasa, the strychnine content was reduced by 39.25% and 67.82%, respectively, and the brucine content in the purified seeds was also found to have decreased by 17.60% and 40.06%, in comparison to the raw seeds.
  5,022 602 4
ORIGINAL ARTICLES - CLINICAL RESEARCH
Effect of dietary, social, and lifestyle determinants of accelerated aging and its common clinical presentation: A survey study
S. M. S Samarakoon, HM Chandola, B Ravishankar
July-September 2011, 32(3):315-321
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93906  PMID:22529643
Aging is unavoidable and natural phenomenon of life. Modern gerontologists are realizing the fact that aging is a disease, which Ayurveda had accepted as natural disease since long. Rate of aging is determined by one's biological, social, lifestyle, and psychological conditions and adversity of which leads to accelerated form of aging (Akalaja jara or premature aging). The aim of this study is to identify potential factors that may accelerate aging in the context of dietry factors, lifestyle and mental makeup. The 120 diagnosed subjects of premature-ageing of 30-60 years were randomly selected in the survey study. Premature ageing was common among females (75.83%), in 30-40 age group (70%), 86.67% were married, had secondary level of education (36.66%), house-views (61.67%), belongs top middle class (58.33%) and engaged in occupations that dominating physical labour (88.33%). The maximum patients are constipated (60%), had mandagni (80%), vata-kapha prakriti (48.33%), rajasika prakriti (58.33%), madhyama vyayama shakti (73.33%), and madhyama jarana shakti (85.83%). Collectively, 43.33% patients were above normal BMI. The more patients had anushna (38.33%) and vishamasana dietary pattern (25.83%), consumed Lavana (88.33%) and Amla rasa (78.33%) in excess on regular basis. Some patients had addicted to tobacco (11.67%) and beetle chewing (5.83%). The maximum patients had no any exercise (79.17%) and specific hobby (79.17%) in their leisure times. Analyzing Hamilton Anxiety and Depression Rating Scales revealed that 39.80%, 37.86%, 33.98%, 24.27% and 18.44% patients had insomnia, depression, tension, GIT symptoms and anxious mood respectively. These data suggest that certain social, dietary and lifestyle factors contribute towards accelerated ageing among young individuals.
  4,186 768 5
Effect of Atibalamula and Bhumyamalaki on thirty-three patients of diabetic neuropathy
Kalapi Patel, Manish Patel, SN Gupta
July-September 2011, 32(3):353-356
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93913  PMID:22529650
Diabetic neuropathy is a relatively early and common complication affecting approximately 30% of diabetic patients. According to Ayurvedic principles there is involvement of Vata and Pitta Dosa in diabetic neuropathy. Bhumyamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri) is a plant which shows possibility to pacify these two Dosas. Another plant Atibala (Abutilon indicum) has also Vata pacifying qualities. Present study has been carried out to study the effects of Bhumyamalaki and Atibala on 33 patients of diabetic neuropathy. All the patients have been given Bhumyamalaki Churna 3 g twice a day and decoction of 10 g of Atibala-mula twice a day for 30 days. Neuropathy analyzer machine has been used for exact recording of sensory perception of vibration, cold and hot sensations before and after treatment. Changes in numbness, tingling, burning sensation and pain in lower limbs have also been assessed before and after treatment. Results have been analyzed statistically by applying the 't' test. It can be stated from the results that use of Bhumyamalaki and Atibalamula in the patients of diabetic neuropathy can revert the diminished sensory perception and can reduce the symptoms significantly.
  4,256 579 4
SPECIAL ARTICLE
Report on the status of Indian medicine and folk healing-with a focus on the benefits that the systems have given the public
Shailaja Chandra
July-September 2011, 32(3):299-303
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93902  PMID:22529639
  4,235 576 5
REVIEW ARTICLES
Effect of different Avaleha in the management of Tamaka Shwasa (Bronchial Asthma)
Ankit Gupta, PK Prajapati
July-September 2011, 32(3):427-431
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93928  PMID:22529664
Avaleha , which are generally elegant preparations, can be used for both preventive and curative purposes. Many research works have been carried out on different Avalehas. A number of studies with different Avalehas and their respective clinical efficacy in Tamaka Shwasa (Bronchial Asthma) have been carried-out at Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, IPGT & RA, Jamnagar. A review has been carried out of such works to know the better one. In the work, it has been found that highly significant (P<0.001) results on Shwasakastata were found in all the groups, except in the Kamsa Haritaki Avaleha (B) group which was insignificant (P<0.02).
  4,057 568 -
PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Antioxidant and anticancer evaluation of Scindapsus officinalis (Roxb.) Schott fruits
Shaktikumar C Shivhare, Arjun O Patidar, KG Malviya, KK Shivhare-Malviya
July-September 2011, 32(3):388-394
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93921  PMID:22529657
Several methods exist for the treatment of cancer in modern medicine. These include chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery; most cancer chemotherapeutants severely affect the host normal cells. Hence the use of natural products now has been contemplated of exceptional value in the control of cancer. Plant-derived natural products such as flavonoids, terpenes, alkaloids, etc., have received considerable attention in recent years due to their diverse pharmacological properties including cytotoxic and cancer chemopreventive effects. Looking into this, the antioxidant and anticancer evaluation of Scindapsus officinalis (Roxb.) Schott fruits has been attempted to investigate its antitumor activity. The collection and authentication of the plant material mainly fruits and their various extractions was done. Identification of plant's active constituents by preliminary phytochemical screening was carried out. An in-vitro cytotoxic assay using the brine shrimp lethality assay with brine shrimp eggs (Artemia salina) at a dose of 1-10 μg/ml with the fruit extract was performed by the method described by Mayer et al. Cell viability using the Trypan blue dye exclusion test at a dose of 20, 40, 80, 120, and 160 μg/ml dissolved in DMSO (final concentration 0.1%), and cytotoxicity using the MTT assay where viable cells convert MTT into a formazan salt were performed. All pharmacological screening for acute toxicity and anti tumour studies using EAC 1 x 10 6 cells/mouse treated Swiss albino mice at a dose of 100 and 200 mg/kg/day orally was carried out. Biochemical and antioxidants predictions from various parameters like hematological, RBC, WBC count, PVC, total protein, Tissue Lipid Peroxidation, SOD, CATALASE, GPx, GST levels and anti tumour activity of Scindapsus officinalis were observed. The data was statistically analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Dunnett's and Tukey's multiple comparison test. The antitumor effect of the extract is evident from the increase in mean survival time (MST) lifespan, reduction in the solid tumor volume, and also the reversal of altered hematological parameters almost equal to normal. The methanolic extract (100-200 mg/kg/day orally) was found to be cytotoxic on human cancer cell lines. In addition, the methanolic extract had an antioxidant effect as reflected by a decrease in LPO, GST, and GPx (oxidant enzymes), and an increase in SOD and catalase.
  3,962 567 9
ORIGINAL ARTICLES - CLINICAL RESEARCH
Ayurveda in critical care: Illustrating Ayurvedic intervention in a case of hepatic encephalopathy
Sanjeev Rastogi, PS Srivastav
July-September 2011, 32(3):345-348
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93911  PMID:22529648
Ayurvedic interventions have largely been considered helpful in chronic debilitating conditions where active management of a clinical condition is not required. It is for this notion; Ayurvedic therapies have never been approached in any critical care condition requiring an active management. A perception that herbo-metallic components of various Ayurvedic drugs may actually harm the patients who are in compromised vital status has further added to this apprehension against use of such medicines in critical care. Contrary to the conventional belief, we observed a case of grade three hepatic encephalopathy with severely compromised liver function that was successfully treated with Ayurvedic therapy containing many heavy metal containing compounds. The liver function got improved in this case following the Ayurvedic intervention. The symptomatic improvements in this case were also identifiable through biochemical tests showing the functional status of liver. This case therefore is worthy of taking a note for possible inclusion of Ayurvedic interventions in critical care where Ayurvedic therapies are discarded without being given a chance of getting evaluated.
  3,935 526 8
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL RESEARCH
Pharmacognostical study of Tamalaki (Phyllanthus fraternus Webster), a herb used in Tamaka-svasa
Binay Sen, SD Dubey, K Tripathi
July-September 2011, 32(3):398-401
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93924  PMID:22529659
Tamalaki is a herbacious medicinal plant, described in Ayurvedic texts in many occurrences with different properties, actions, uses and synonyms, supposed to indicate more than one species commonly used in practice. Modern scholars mostly suggest Phyllanthus fraternus Webster (syn. P. niruri Linn.), P. amarus Schum. and Thonn. and P. urinaria Linn. as the source plants of Tamalaki. In this study, an attempt has been made to designate P. fraternus as the source plant of Tamalaki used in the treatment of Tamaka-svasa (Bronchial asthma) and other respiratory disorders by analyzing therapeutic uses, actions, properties, taste, synonyms as well as pharmacognostical characters. Smooth capsule, six tepals, less and short fibrous root, pentagonal outline with wing-shaped young stem are some of the specific characters observed in this species.
  3,907 539 2
ORIGINAL ARTICLES - CLINICAL RESEARCH
A clinical study of some Ayurvedic compound drugs in the assessment quality of life of patients with Eka Kushtha (psoriasis)
Charmi S Mehta, Alankruta R Dave, VD Shukla
July-September 2011, 32(3):333-339
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93909  PMID:22529646
Psoriasis is a chronic disease that can have substantial psychological and social impact on patient's life. Psoriasis has been shown to affect health-related Quality of Life to an extent similar to the effects of other chronic diseases such as depression, myocardial infarction, hypertension, etc. The modern treatment options not only provide temporary relief but also have serious side effects. Thus, the chronic and recurring nature of the disease hampers the Quality of Life to a great extent. In the present study, patients were randomly divided into two groups. Koshtha Shuddhi was done by Eranda bhrushta haritaki (6 g at night with ushnodaka) in patients of both the groups for 3 days before starting the treatment. A total of 111 patients were selected for the present study and were grouped into two. Patients of group A (45) were given "Navayasa rasayana leha" and "Dhatryadhyo lepa" for external application. Stress is a well-known precipitating factor of Psoriasis. Hence, to study the efficacy of Medhya rasayana drugs, patients of group B (49) were given Medhya rasayana tablet along with the application of Dhatryadhyo lepa. The duration of the study was 3 months and follow-up was done for one month. Both the groups showed equally good results on improving the quality of life in the patients in terms of Dermatology life quality index and Psoriasis disability index.
  3,513 658 5
A clinical study of Haritaki and Saindhava Lavana in Kaphaja Kasa with special reference to Samyoga Guna
Ajay K Rout, RR Dwivedi
July-September 2011, 32(3):357-360
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93914  PMID:22736910
In clinical practice, Guna which are to be with Bhisak are mainly the Paradi Gunas which can also be called as Miscellaneous Gunas. As rightly quoted by Acarya Caraka, for getting success in the treatment Paradi Gunas are the best. The Sutra quotes "Sidhyupaya Cikitsayam" which means that Cikitsa i. e. Dhatusamya will be done mainly with the help of Paradi Gunas. Thus in this study an attempt was made to know the comparative effect of Haritaki and Saindhava lavana alone and Samyukta effect in Kaphaja Kasa. Three groups were made for proper evaluation of the therapy. In Group-A Haritaki Tablet 2 gm/ twice a day (500 mg tablet x 4), In Group-B Saindava Lavana Curna 2 gm/ twice a day and in Group-C Haritaki + Saindhava lavana Tablet 4 gm/twice a day (500 mg tablet x 8) was given. Results were assessed after 7 days with the help of a specially prepared proforma. The hematological, Urine and Stool investigations were carried out. In subjective and objective criterias, significant results were found in Group-C as compared to Group-A and Group-B. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the combined (Samyoga) effect of Haritaki and Saindhava lavana is much efficient than the single drug therapy.
  3,505 502 -
Effect of Rasanjana Madhu Ashchyotana in Netra Abhishyanda (Mucopurulent Conjunctivitis)
Atul Bhardwaj, Manoj Tanwar
July-September 2011, 32(3):365-369
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93916  PMID:22529652
To evaluate the comparative efficacy of Ayurvedic formulation a Rasanjana Madhu (RM) eye drops and Honey Rose (HR) water eye drops in Netra Abhishyanda in mucopurulent conjunctivitis, the current study is planned. Total of 35 patients attending the outpatient department of Shalakya Tantra at R. G. G. Postgraduate Ayurvedic College, Paprola, Distt. Kangra, Himachal Pradesh with characteristic features of Netra Abhishyanda were selected for the present study. Twenty patients were given trial drug, i.e., RM eye drops, while 15 patients were given HR eye drops. Random sampling technique was adopted for the present study. The duration of the treatment was 7 days with 1 week follow-up. Patients receiving the trial group demonstrated reduction of redness, burning sensation, lacrimation, photophobia, foreign body sensation, discharge, and congestion, which were statistically significant with 93% patients cured or markedly improved category. Signs and symptoms stated above were also statistically reduced with HR eye drops, probably because of well-documented hygroscopic and bacteriocidal properties of honey. Based on the study, it can be concluded that, RM eye drops are very effective in the management of Netra Abhishyanda viz. Infective conjunctivitis.
  3,283 428 -
A comparative clinical study of Shatapatrayadi churna tablet and Patoladi yoga in the management of Amlapitta
Jitendra Kumar, Alankruta R Dave, Madhuri G Vyas
July-September 2011, 32(3):361-364
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93915  PMID:22529651
Amlapitta is a very common disease caused by Vidagdha Pitta with features such as Amlodgara, Hrid Kantha Daha, and Avipaka. This is a burning problem of the society. Irregular and improper food habits, and busy stressful lifestyle is one of the main culprit. Amlapitta is the GI disorder described in Ayurvedic texts that closely resembles with Gastritis in modern science. In chronic stage, it may lead to ulcerative conditions. In this study, total 41 patients were registered and were randomly divided into two groups. In group A, Shatapatrayadi churna tablet and in group B Patoladi Yoga tablet were given for 1 month. The Nidana, signs, and symptoms were observed carefully to get idea about the Samprapti of the disease. The effect of Patoladi Yoga on Roga Bala is 65.79%, 62.11% on Agni Bala, and 63.35% on Deha and Chetasa bala. The overall relief was 63.75%. The effect of Shatapatrayadi tablet on Roga Bala was 71.94%, 73.15% on Agni Bala, and 77.68% on Deha and Chetas Bala. The overall relief was 74.25%.
  3,149 545 -
Clinical effect of Kukkutanda Twak Bhasma in the management of Swetapradara
Gatikrushna Panda, KB Mohapatra
July-September 2011, 32(3):370-374
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93917  PMID:22529653
Swetapradara is an important gynecological disorder nowadays. Most women in the reproductive age group complain about white discharge. Due to white discharge, they are prone to so many other symptoms, such as backache, itching in vulva, and burning micturition. According to Ayurveda, swetapradara is caused by the vitiation of Kapha and Vata dosha. Kukkutanda twak is also said to be Kapha Vata shamaka and swetapradara shamaka. In Ayurveda so many drugs are mentioned in the treatment of swetapradara. Among them Kukkutanda twak bhasma is a good medicine. In this clinical study Kukkutanda twak bhasma has shown statistically significant improvement in white discharge, backache, itching, anemia, weakness, and urinary tract infection.
  2,987 530 1
REVIEW ARTICLES
A critical review of the philosophical concepts of Carakopaskara commentary
Asit K Panja, Om Prakash Upadhyaya, Abichala Chattopadhyaya
July-September 2011, 32(3):422-426
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93927  PMID:22529663
Philosophy is the prime specialty as it fulfills the ultimate goal of life with the depiction of the liberation of the soul. The human body composed of mind, other sensory organs along with five proto-elements, is to be treated from the clinical applicability of the philosophical series of events. The current review is the categorical analysis of the philosophical thought depicted in "Carakopaskara commentary" of Pandit Jogindranath Sen in the purview of underlined theme of Caraka Samhita and classical orthodox philosophy.
  3,034 440 -
INNOVATIVE VIEWS
Ayurpathy: A modern perspective of Ayurveda
CK Katiyar
July-September 2011, 32(3):304-305
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93903  PMID:22529640
  2,783 681 3
ORIGINAL ARTICLES - CLINICAL RESEARCH
A clinical study on the effect of Arka Taila in the management of Karnasrava (Otomycosis)
Komal K Palmer, DB Vaghela, R Manjusha
July-September 2011, 32(3):349-352
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93912  PMID:22529649
Karnasrava is the condition characterized by discharge from Karna and occurs mainly due to Avarana of Vata Dosha. Otomycosis denotes diffuse otitis externa due to fungal infection in ear. Otomycosis being one of the causes of Karnasrava was selected for the study. The present study is done on 28 patients of Karnasrava, who were grouped in to two with 14 patients in each group. Group-A was treated with Arka Taila Karnapurana and Group-B with Clotrimazole ear drops (standard control). The signs and symptoms were studied before and after treatment. Result of the study indicates that Arka Taila and Clotrimazole are equally effective in all the signs and symptoms of Karnasrava (Otomycosis).
  2,887 487 -
A pilot study to clinically evaluate the role of herbomineral compound " Rakatchap Har" in the management of essential hypertension
Ruchika Nandha, Harpal Singh, Parminder Moudgill, Gurpreet Kular
July-September 2011, 32(3):329-332
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93908  PMID:22529645
The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of a herbomineral medicine Rakatchaphar (Each 500 mg cap contains Sarpgandha 150 mg, Shankhpushpi 75 mg, Jatamansi 75 mg, Jahar Mohra Khatai Pishti 75 mg, Moti Pishti 75 mg, Ras Sindoor 50 mg) in essential hypertension, an observational prospective study was done at Shri Ashutosh Maharaj (SAM) Ayurvedic Treatment and Research Centre, Noormahal. Ninety-eight patients in the age group 28-76 years with essential hypertension without any co-morbid illness were included in the study. Patients were treated with cap Rakatchaphar 500 mg twice a day. Blood pressure (BP) was monitored on subsequent follow-up visits at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks. Change in Diastolic BP (DBP), Systolic BP (SBP), and Mean BP (MBP) were analyzed statistically by Student's t test, ANOVA, and Post hoc Bonferroni test. On first visit the mean SBP, DBP, and MBP was 164.16±17.27, 101.88±9.20, and 122.27±10.57 mm Hg, respectively. After 8 weeks of therapy there was a statistically significant fall in SBP (122.98±11.36), DBP (80.90±8.57), and MBP (94.86±9.24) in mmHg (P value <0.0001). Rakatchap Har offers an efficacious and safe combination of natural products available for the treatment of hypertension.
  2,815 507 1
EXPERT VIEWS
"Ayurpathy": Misconceived and unwarranted
RH Singh
July-September 2011, 32(3):306-307
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93904  PMID:22529641
  2,826 479 -
PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Psychotropic activity of Argyreia speciosa roots in experimental animals
Varsha J Galani, Bharatkumar G Patel
July-September 2011, 32(3):380-384
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93919  PMID:22529655
Argyreia speciosa (L.f.) Sweet (convolvulaceae) commonly known as Briddhadaraka is regarded as a "Rasayana" drug in the ayurvedic system of medicine to cure diseases of nervous system. In this study, hydroalcoholic root extract of A. speciosa was subjected to evaluate psychotropic effects in classical experimental models. Effect of the extract on spontaneous motor activity, pentobarbital-induced sleeping time, motor coordination, exploratory behavior, and apomorphine-induced stereotypy were investigated in mice. Effect of the extract on catalepsy and haloperidol-induced catalepsy were studied in rats. Preliminary phytochemical and acute toxicity screenings were also performed. The extract (100, 200, and 500 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly decreased spontaneous motor activity, exploratory behavior, and prolonged pentobarbital sleeping time in mice. The extract also remarkably attenuated the intensity of apomorphine-induced stereotypy but had no effect on motor coordination. The extract produced catalepsy and potentiated haloperidol-induced catalepsy in rats. These results provide evidence that the hydroalcoholic extract of A. speciosa roots may contain psychoactive substances that are sedative in nature with possible neuroleptic properties.
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EDITORIAL
Ayurveda: Think globally... act locally…
HM Chandola
July-September 2011, 32(3):297-298
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93901  PMID:22529638
  2,455 513 -
PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Study on the diuretic activity of Euphorbia fusiformis Buch.-Ham. in albino rats
BK Ashok, Savitha D Bhat, VJ Shukla, B Ravishankar
July-September 2011, 32(3):385-387
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93920  PMID:22529656
The present study was undertaken to evaluate diuretic activity of Euphorbia fusiformis root powder in Wistar strain albino rats. Randomly selected animals were divided into three groups of six animals each. The root powder was suspended in distilled water and administered orally at a dose of 90 mg/kg therapeutically equivalent dose (TED) and 180 mg/kg (TED × 02) to overnight fasted rats. The diuretic activity was evaluated by determination of urine volume and urinary electrolyte concentrations. Test drug showed significant increase in urine volume and urinary electrolyte excretion in a dose-dependant manner. Thus, from this study, it can be concluded that roots of E. fusiformis possess diuretic activity.
  2,578 324 1
Study on the diuretic activity of Veerataru Kwatha in albino rats
Bhupesh R Patel, BK Ashok, B Ravishankar
July-September 2011, 32(3):395-397
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93922  PMID:22529658
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the diuretic activity of Veerataru [Dichrostachys cinerea (Linn.)] Kwatha in experimental animals by following the standard procedure. Randomly selected animals were divided into three groups of six animals each. The root of Veerataru was administered orally in the form of Kwatha at a dose of 5.4 and 10.8 ml/kg. Parameters like volume of urine, pH of urine and urinary electrolyte concentrations like sodium, potassium and chloride were studied. Veerataru Kwatha increased the urine output in a dose-dependent manner. However, it did not affect the urinary electrolyte concentrations. From the present study, it can be concluded that the root of Veerataru has diuretic property.
  2,455 374 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES - CLINICAL RESEARCH
Prevalence of Adhyashana in patients attending IPGT and RA Hospital and its effect on health
Hitesh A Vyas, RR Dwivedi
July-September 2011, 32(3):340-344
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93910  PMID:22529647
Adhyashana is a technical term of Ayurveda, which means eating before digestion of previous food. All the ancient classics describe the ill effects of Adhyashana. Charaka mentioned it as a prime causative factor for Grahani dosha. It is also said that Adhyashana can cause severe and incurable diseases or even death. All these references indicate the importance of Adhyashana as one of the health destroying factors, and yet this subject remained untouched by the Ayurvedic scientists for research. The present study was carried out to search the prevalence of Adhyashana in the patients of various diseases. For this purpose a survey study was planned and a total of 235 subjects attending outpatient and inpatient department of the Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research Hospital were surveyed. Among these patients 62.98% were found to be habituated to Adhyashana. Purishvaha Srotodushti was found in a maximum number of patients, which was 42%. Status of the disease was Krichchhra saadhya in maximum of these patients.
  2,377 355 -
LETTER TO EDITOR
Tailabindupariksha of the urine
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
July-September 2011, 32(3):433-433
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93931  PMID:22529667
  1,582 264 -
Vamana procedure
Somsri Wiwanitkit, Viroj Wiwanitkit
July-September 2011, 32(3):434-434
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93933  PMID:22529669
  1,566 279 -
Mehamudgaravati and type 2 diabetes mellitus
Viroj Wiwanitkit
July-September 2011, 32(3):432-432
DOI:10.4103/0974-8520.93929  PMID:22529665
  1,582 235 -
Authors' reply
Ila Tanna, HM Chandola, JR Joshi
July-September 2011, 32(3):432-433
PMID:22529666
  1,340 219 -
Authors' reply
Bharti Gupta, SC Mahapatra, Renu Makhija, Adarsh Kumar, Nikhil Jirankalgikar, MM Padhi, Ramesh Babu Devalla
July-September 2011, 32(3):434-434
PMID:22529670
  1,341 205 -
Authors' reply
Pavan Kumar Sangu, VanithaMurali Kumar, Meera Shiv Shekhar, Murali Krishna Chagam, Penchala Prasad Goli, Prasanna Kumar Tirupati
July-September 2011, 32(3):433-433
PMID:22529668
  1,318 198 -
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