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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 350-358

The Critical Study of Philosophical Aspects of "Jalpakalpataru Teeka" with special reference to "Samanya-Vishesh Vad" (Part-I)

1 HOD-Basic Principles, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur (Raj.), India
2 Ph.D.Scholar in Basic Principles, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur (Raj.), India

Correspondence Address:
Ritu Soni
Ph.D.Scholar in Basic Principles, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur (Raj.)
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Ayurveda is eternal. The time, when all other civilization of the world was passing their childhood, the Indian civilization was attaining its highest altitude of knowledge. The Vedas are direct evidence of this, as there is no other literature in this world, that is more ancient than Vedas. Ayurveda is the integral part of Atharva Veda. Ayurveda is a treasure philosophical aspect. In every Ayurvedic Samhita there is parallel description of philosophical aspects with medical discussion. Therefore the question arises in mind that, is there any importance of these philosophical aspects in the field of treatment of diseases? If there is some importance then what is that? And, how it can be proved according to the present era? The Charaka Samhita is mainly a Medical text. The presence of Philosophy in this text, itself proves the importance of philosophy in the field of medicine, but there is need, to be explained, according to the present era. The widely accepted commentary on Charaka Samhita in the present time is, 'Ayurveda Dipika' written by 'Chakrapani'. Its time goes back to app. 1075 AD and there is an approximate time difference of 1000 years between Charaka and Chakrapani. After that, since twelve to nineteenth century, no authentic sanskrit commentary on Charaka Samhita is available. Again, in 19th century, the 'Jalpakalpataru Teeka' written by Kaviraj Gangadhar Rai, comes, which is the last Sanskrit commentary on Charaka Samhita at present. In this commentary, there is a deep discussion of Philosophical Subjects. There is a time difference of approximate 800 years between Chakrapani and Gangadhar Rai. The aim of this literary research is to find out the differences or specialities created or transferred, according to the era, especially in the Philosophical aspects, because of such a long time interval between Charaka and Chakrapani, and again between Chakrapani and Gangadhar Rai, and also, to discuss their importance in the field of medicine. The present study emphasize on the specialities of the 'Jalpakalpataru Teeka' in comparison with the 'Ayurveda-Deepika Teeka' on 'Samanya-vishesh Vad'.

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