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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 4: Effect of Varanadi Kashayam fractions on the expression of proinflammatory cytokines. (a) Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and (b) Interleukin-1 beta genes expression in fully differentiated macrophage cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide, differentiated macrophage cells without lipopolysaccharide and in cells treated with Varanadi Kashayam fractions and stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. All values were expressed as mean ± standard deviation of three independent experiments in triplicate. ***P < 0.001 compared to the values of control macrophage cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide

Figure 4: Effect of <i>Varanadi Kashayam</i> fractions on the expression of proinflammatory cytokines. (a) Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and (b) Interleukin-1 beta genes expression in fully differentiated macrophage cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide, differentiated macrophage cells without lipopolysaccharide and in cells treated with <i>Varanadi Kashayam</i> fractions and stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. All values were expressed as mean ± standard deviation of three independent experiments in triplicate. ***<i>P</i> < 0.001 compared to the values of control macrophage cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide