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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: Effect of Varanadi Kashayam fractions on proinflammatory cytokines production by LPS-stimulated cells. (a) TNFs-α (b) IL-1β (c) Rolipram, standard control for tumor necrosis factor-alpha production, and (d) Dexamethasone, standard control for interleukin-1 beta production. All values were expressed as mean ± standard deviation of three independent experiments in triplicate. TNF-α: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, IL-1β: Interleukin-1 beta, LPS: Lipopolysaccharide

Figure 3: Effect of <i>Varanadi Kashayam</i> fractions on proinflammatory cytokines production by LPS-stimulated cells. (a) TNFs-α (b) IL-1β (c) Rolipram, standard control for tumor necrosis factor-alpha production, and (d) Dexamethasone, standard control for interleukin-1 beta production. All values were expressed as mean ± standard deviation of three independent experiments in triplicate. TNF-α: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, IL-1β: Interleukin-1 beta, LPS: Lipopolysaccharide