Sushruta-samhitA - A critical Review Part-1 : Historical glimpse
Hari S Sharma1, Hiroe I Sharma2, Hemadri A Sharma3
1 Ex. Director, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan and Ex. Dean cum Hospital Superintendent, Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India,
2 President, Osaka Ayurveda Kenkyusho, AIHORE pratisthanam, Japan,
3 Post Graduate Scholar, Department of Dravyaguna, Shri S.J.G. Ayurveda Institute and P.G. Center, Koppal, Karnataka, India,
Hari S Sharma
AIHORE pratistanam, Ayurveda Kenkyusho Nishinakajima, 4 Chome, 7-12, 501 Shi, Yodogawa-Ku, City - Osaka, (Zip Code - 532 0011), Japan
In the history of Ayurveda, Sushruta stands before Caraka. He practically applied Vaidika culture for treatment. His treatise translated into nine foreign languages apart from various Indian languages like Hindi, Bengali, Malayalam, etc., Sushruta is the most celebrated physician and surgeon in India. Though he practiced during the 5th century BC, many of his contributions to medicine and surgery preceded similar discoveries in the western world. Sushruta devotes a complete volume of his experiences to ophthalmologic diseases. In the Uttara Tantram, Sushruta enumerates a sophisticated classification of eye diseases complete with signs, symptoms, prognosis, and medical/surgical interventions. In particular, Sushruta describes what may have been the first extracapsular cataract surgery using a sharply pointed instrument with a handle fashioned into a trough. His ability to manage many common eye conditions of the time with limited diagnostic aids is a testament to his virtuosity.