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CLINICAL RESEARCH
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 361-364  

A comparative clinical study of Shatapatrayadi churna tablet and Patoladi yoga in the management of Amlapitta


1 Lecturer, Department of Kayachikitsa, Deshabhagat Ayurvedic College, Mandi, Govindgadh, Fatehgadh, India
2 Associate Professor, Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
3 Ph.D.Scholar Department of Kayachikitsa, Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India

Date of Web Publication17-Mar-2012

Correspondence Address:
Jitendra Kumar
Lecturer, Department of Kaya Chikitsa, Deshabhagat Ayurvedic College, Mandi, Govindgadh, Dist. Fatehgadh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.93915

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   Abstract 

Amlapitta is a very common disease caused by Vidagdha Pitta with features such as Amlodgara, Hrid Kantha Daha, and Avipaka. This is a burning problem of the society. Irregular and improper food habits, and busy stressful lifestyle is one of the main culprit. Amlapitta is the GI disorder described in Ayurvedic texts that closely resembles with Gastritis in modern science. In chronic stage, it may lead to ulcerative conditions. In this study, total 41 patients were registered and were randomly divided into two groups. In group A, Shatapatrayadi churna tablet and in group B Patoladi Yoga tablet were given for 1 month. The Nidana, signs, and symptoms were observed carefully to get idea about the Samprapti of the disease. The effect of Patoladi Yoga on Roga Bala is 65.79%, 62.11% on Agni Bala, and 63.35% on Deha and Chetasa bala. The overall relief was 63.75%. The effect of Shatapatrayadi tablet on Roga Bala was 71.94%, 73.15% on Agni Bala, and 77.68% on Deha and Chetas Bala. The overall relief was 74.25%.

Keywords: Amlapitta , gastritis, Patoladi yoga, Shatapatrayadi churna


How to cite this article:
Kumar J, Dave AR, Vyas MG. A comparative clinical study of Shatapatrayadi churna tablet and Patoladi yoga in the management of Amlapitta. AYU 2011;32:361-4

How to cite this URL:
Kumar J, Dave AR, Vyas MG. A comparative clinical study of Shatapatrayadi churna tablet and Patoladi yoga in the management of Amlapitta. AYU [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 Nov 17];32:361-4. Available from: http://www.ayujournal.org/text.asp?2011/32/3/361/93915


   Introduction Top


The disease entity described under the heading of Amlapitta, a constellation of symptoms such as heart burn, abdominal pain, sour belching, reflexes of food taken, nausea, and loss of appetite, has become a very common cause of hospital visits worldwide. Acharya Charaka has not directly described this disease, he has mentioned that when Amavisha get mixed with the Pitta, diseases such as Amlapitta will develop. [1] Amlapitta is the Gastro Intestinal Tract (GIT) disorder described in Ayurvedic texts, which closely resembles with gastritis in modern science and in chronic stage it may lead to ulcerative conditions. In India, it is 10 million and that of peptic ulcer is 5 million. Mortality rate is 703 and that of peptic ulcer is 6500.

The drug selected under the study Shatapatriadi churna is described in Bheshaja Samhita which contains Shatapatri, Amrita, Draksha, and Yashtimadhu. Most of the drugs have Tikta, Madhura, Kashaya, Katu Rasas, Laghu, and Ushna Gunas which act against excessive Drava and Tikshna Gunas of Pitta. On the other hand, they all have a specific role in the management of Mandagni. The drug selected as control is Patoladi Yoga described in Bhaishajya Ratnavali, Amlapitta Adhikara, which contains Patola, Shunthi, Guduci, and Katuki having Agnideepaka, Pittashamaka, and Pittarechaka properties.

Aims and objectives

  1. To evaluate the efficacy of the Shatapatrayadi churna tablet and Patoladi Yoga tablet in Amlapitta.
  2. To compare the efficacy of both the drugs.

   Materials and Methods Top


The grouping and management details were provided at [Table 1]. Total 41 patients between the age group of 15 and 60 years, fulfilling the criteria for the diagnosis of Amlapitta were registered and randomly divided into two groups. In group A, 23 patients were registered and 20 patients completed the treatment. In group B, 18 patients were registered and 15 patients completed the treatment [Table 2]. The patients were selected from the O.P.D. of Kayachikitsa of I.P.G.T. and R.A., G.A.U., Jamnagar hospital.
Table 1: Grouping and management

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Table 2: Registered patients wise distribution

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Criteria for selection of patients

Inclusion criteria


Patients were selected on the basis of presence of classical symptoms of Amlapitta. Patients were subjected to detailed clinical history on the basis of specially prepared proforma. Written consent was taken from the patients before starting the treatment after explaining the details regarding the treatment.

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients of age less than 15 and above 60 years.
  • Chronicity more than 5 years.
  • Patients having cardiac problems, tuberculosis, carcinoma, etc.
  • Patients having Annadrava or Parinama shula.
  • Patients having organic diseases such as gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers.
Investigations

  • Routine hematological and biochemical investigations
  • Urine and stool analysis.
  • Barium meal X-ray for stomach and duodenum where-ever necessary.
Drug detail

Composition of Shatapatryadi tablet


Shatapatri (Rosa centifolia), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), Nimba (Azadiracta indica), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Bhunimba (Andrographis paniculata), Bhringraja (Eclipta alba), Patola (Trichochosanthes dioica), Madhuyasthi (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Darvi (Barberis aristata), Chandan (Santalum album), Devdaru (Cedrus deodara), Bhuamalaki (Phyllanthus urinaria), Draksha (Vitis vinifera), and Haridra (Curcuma longa). [2]

Composition of Patoladi Yoga tablet

Patola (Trichochosanthes dioica), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), Sunthi (Zingiber officinalae), and Kutki (Picrorhiza kurrooa). [3]

Assessment criteria

Patients were examined weekly. Changes in the patient's status were noted and following points were taken into consideration for the assessment of results.

  1. Improvement in symptoms of Amlapitta was taken into consideration.
  2. Improvement in Rogabala along with Deha, Agni, and Chetasabala was considered for assessment.
Symptom scoring was calculated before and after the treatment through statistical analysis, and percentage of relief was noted to assess the efficacy of therapy. The obtained results were interpreted as on the basis of paired 't' test.

Assessment of total effect of therapies




   Observations and Results Top


Observations on Nidana Sevana [Table 3], Chief Complaints [Table 4]; in results effect of Shatapatryadi Yoga [Table 5], effect of Patoladi Yoga [Table 6], effect of both the drugs on Bala [Table 7] and [Table 8], overall effect [Table 9] were mentioned in respective tables.
Table 3: Observation of Nidana sevana in patients of Amlapitta

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Table 4: Observation of chief complaints in patients of Amlapitta

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Table 5: Effect of Shatapatryadi churna tablet in patients of Amlapitta

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Table 6: Effect of Patoladi yoga tablet in patients of Amlapitta

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Table 7: Overall effect of Shatapatryadi churna tablet on Rogabala, Agnibala, Dehabala, and Chetasbala

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Table 8: Overall effect of Patoladi yoga tablet on Rogabala, Agnibala, Dehabala, and Chetasbala

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Table 9: Overall effect of therapy

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   Discussion Top


Many a times the simple Agnimandya leads to Vidagdhajirna in the initial stages and if it is neglected, leads to Amlapitta. Amlapitta is a disease caused due to vitiation of certain attributes of Pitta like the Drava guna (fluidity) and Amla guna (sourness) causing Vidagdhajirna at the initial stages and later causes inflammation and corrosion of the Sleshmadhara kala of the Amashaya, i.e., mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum. [4] In modern science it can be correlated that Vidagdhajirna, a type of simple dyspepsia and Amlapitta as gastritis. Charaka has not mentioned disease Amlapitta separately even though he quoted the word Amlapitta at several contexts. Charaka while describing the Nanatmaja Vyadhis, included Pittaj diseases such as Dahaka, Dhumaka, Amlaka, and Vidaha. These are seen in acid peptic disorders and indicate the Pittolbana condition. Sushruta and Vagbhata have not mentioned the word Amlapitta. Kashyapa was the first person who described the disease along with its treatment. [5] Madhavakara has described Amlapitta into two types Urdhavagata and Adhogata.

Probable mode of action of Shatapatrayadi tablet

Ingredients of Shatapatrayadi tablet inlcude Tikta, Kashaya, and Madhura rasa. Madhura, Tikta, and Kashaya Rasa are Pitta Shamaka. Tikta rasa and Kashya Rasa also subside Kapha Dosha. Madhura Rasa having soothing effect promotes strength and pacify Pitta and Vata Dosha and useful in Daha. In this tablet, 13 drugs are Tikta Rasa pradhana. According to Charaka Samhita, Tikta Rasa is having the following properties such as Krimighna, Murchahar, Dahanashak, Kanduhar, Trishnashamak, Jwaraghna, Agnidipana, and Pitta Sleshma Upasoshana. In Amlapitta, natural Rasa of Pitta, i.e., Katu is converted into Vidagdha Amla Rasa due to Agnimandhya by virtue of Dravata increase of Pitta Dosha. Tikta Rasa drugs directly act on the Vidagdha Pitta and convert it into Nirama Pitta. Tikta Rasa decreases the Pitta Dravata Vriddhi, so its benefits in pacifying symptoms such as Utklesha, Amlaodgara, and Avipaka. Shatpatri and Chandana cure the Visra Dosha of Pitta, whereas Gudhuci and Yasthimadhu are beneficial in conditions such as Chinta and Shoka due to its Medhya properties. Shatpatri, Amalaki, and Patola controls Daha due to its cooling properties, and also Nimba Twak is reported as antipeptic, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties which are very much beneficial in this condition. Bhringaraja has been reported to have antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory properties, so these properties have a greater role to play in this disorder. Wound healing property of Madshuyashti is also beneficial in gastric and duodenal ulcers.

Probable mode of action of Patoladi Yoga

Its contain Patola, Sunthi, Guduchi, and Kutaki. Maximum Rasa are Tikta and Kashaya Rasa which are Pittashamaka and Kaphanashaka. In pathogenesis of Amlapitta, Mandagni leads to Ama formation and Sunthi is the best medicine for Amapachana and alleviates the Srotorodha by Ushan Tikshana Guna. All the drugs have Deepana Pachana property, which improves the status of Agni. Laghu Ruksha Guna and Katu Vipaka are Kapha Shamaka. Madhura Vipaka Sheeta Veerya drugs may counteract the Tikshana Guna of Vitiated Pitta, which showed the expulsion of the stool Mutra, i.e., Vatanulomana and helps in expulsion of the Vidagdha Pitta. Patola has bitter acrid taste and cooling action.

Acharya Charaka told that Dugdha is Pathya for Amlapitta, [6] while Kashaypa mentioned it is one of the important causative factors for Amlapitt. [7] In 75.61% patients, Upashaya in signs and symptoms of Amlapitta, hence it can be concluded that it is beneficial in this disease. In Ayurvedic Dugdha Parpati therapy is indicated in which heavy amount of milk is administered. [8]

Effect of therapy

Shatapatrayadi
tablet shows better result in symptoms such as Kukshi Daha, Hrida Daha, and Kantha Daha. It also shows better results on Amlo and Tikta Udgara. Quality of sleep is more improved in group A. Feeling of well-being improved more in group A and Deha Bala also improved more in group A. While Patoladi Yoga shows better result in Gaurava, Avipaka, Shirashula, and Klama.


   Conclusion Top


  • Amlapitta showed its direct impact on Annavaha srotasa.
  • Agnimandya was present in majority of patients.
  • Present lifestyle that has disturbed the food habits gives rise to agnimandya, vidagdhajirna, and finally leads to Amlapitta.
  • Socioeconomic condition, mental stress, and strain play an important role in causing and aggravating the disease.
  • Shatapatrayadi tablet showed better result.
  • Both the drugs are free from side effects.


 
   References Top

1.Charaka Samhita by Agnivesha, Cha Chi.15/47 revised by Charaka and Dridbala. Commented by Chakrapanidatta. Vaidya Yadavaji Trikamji Acharya, editor. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Sanskrita Samnsthana; 2004. p. 517.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Bhaishaja Samhita, Churna Prakrana Amlapitta Adhikara, Publisher Health Ministry of Gujarat State, Ahmdabad; 1966 p. 581.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Bhaishajya Ratnavali of Kaviraj Govind Das Sen. B.R. 56/10 Amlapitta Adhikar. Edited with Siddhiprada Hindi Commentary by Prof. Siddhi Nandan Mishra. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Surbharati Prakashan; 2001 p. 902.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Siddhanta Nidana by Gananath Sen. Si Ni. 6/377 Part 2. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Sanskrita Series office; 1966 p. 176.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Kasyapa samhita by Vrddha Jivaka Ka Khi. 16/19 revised by Vatsya with The Vidyotini Hindi Commentary. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Sanskrita Samnsthana; 1987 p. 336.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.Ch Su. 1/110. Charaka Samhita by Agnivesha, revised by Charaka and Dridbala. Commented by Chakrapanidatta. Vaidya Yadavaji Trikamji Acharya, editor. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Sanskrita Samnsthana; 2004. p. 22.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.Kasyapa samhita by Vrddha Jivaka Ka Khi. 16/3. revised by Vatsya with The Vidyotini Hindi Commentary. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Sanskrita Samnsthana;1987 p. 335.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.Chaudhary K. Concise medical physiology. 2 nd ed. Calcutta: New Central Book Agency;1993 p. 108.  Back to cited text no. 8
    



 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4], [Table 5], [Table 6], [Table 7], [Table 8], [Table 9]



 

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