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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 93-100

A comprehensive review of cataract (Kaphaja linganasha) and its surgical treatment in Ayurvedic literature


1 Dept. of Shalakya, I.P.G.T. & R.A., Paprola, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Dept. of SRPT, R. G. Govt. P. G. Ayu. College, Paprola, Dist. Kangra, H.P. 176 115, India
3 Shalakya, India

Correspondence Address:
K S Dhiman
Institute for Post Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar and Rajiv Gandhi Govt. P. G. Ayurvedic College, Paprola, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.68197

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Ayurveda the science of life, since its origin is serving the mankind throughout in health & disease state of life. Shalakyatantra, one of its specialized branch deals with the science of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Orodental surgery & Head; was contributed and developed by Rajrishi Nimi, the King of Videha , who was a colleague of Atreya, Punarvasu, Dhanwantri, Bharadwaja, Kashyapa etc. The available literature related to this speciality is reproduced from original text of Nimitantra in Uttartantra of Sushruta samhita. So Rajrishi Nimi deserves all the credit and regards for Shalakyatantra and for being the first eye surgeon on this earth. The fact regarding the technique of cataract surgery adopted by ancient surgeons is still a matter of debate. Most of the medical fraternity accepts cataract surgery of ancient surgeons as couching procedure but after going through forth coming pages, the prevailing concept will prove to be a myth. It started with extra capsular extraction through small incision during the period of Sushruta Samhita but later shifted to couching like technique by Acharya Vagbhatta. Secondly, the objective of this literary research paper is to find proper co-relation of the disease cataract to those mentioned in Ancient Ayurvedic classic. Linganasha has been inadvertently taken as cataract but this is neither logical nor in accordance with classics. We find detailed description of cataract's differential diagnosis, indications, contra- indications, pre/intra/post operative procedures and complication in ancient texts of Ayurveda. Not only this, vivid description of treatment of various complications of cataract surgery are also given. Needless to say, no other surgically treatable diseases & its complications except Kaphaja Linganasha are given this much attention.


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