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CLINICAL RESEARCHES
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 58-61 Table of Contents     

Efficacy of Sri Lankan traditional decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadi in treatment of Kaphaja Shira Shula (chronic sinusitis)


1 Institute of Indigenous Medicine, University of Colombo, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka
2 Medical Officer, Ayurveda Teaching Hospital Borella, Sri Lanka

Date of Web Publication7-Aug-2010

Correspondence Address:
E.R.H.S.S. Ediriweera
Senior Lecturer, Institute of Indigenous Medicine, University of Colombo, Rajagiriya
Sri Lanka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-8520.68208

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   Abstract 

Kaphaja Shira Shula is one of the Shiro Roga. Chronic sinusitis is inflammation of the sinuses behind the forehead, cheeks, and eyes, which continues for a long time or keeps recurring. Kaphaja Shira Shula can be correlated with Chronic Sinusitis. The decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katuka is mentioned in Watika Prakaranaya, a book on Sri Lankan Traditional Medicine. The ingredients of this decoction are Solanum xanthocarpum, Cuminum cyminum, Nigella sativa, Picroihiza kurrota and Clerodendrum serratum . But in this study Saussurea lappa is used instead of C. serratum with the experience of traditional physician, Weerasinghe. Aim of this study was to scientifically evaluate the efficacy of this decoction in Kaphaja Shira Shula. Eighty patients suffering from Chronic sinusitis were selected from Ayurveda Teaching Hospital, Borella, Sri Lanka and randomly divided into two groups. X-ray of Para nasal sinuses and total white cell count before treatment and after treatment were recorded. Group one was treated with 120 ml of decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katuka and Group two with 120 ml of placebo twice a day for twenty one days. Partial and complete symptomatic relief and reduction in esinophil count in the blood were observed in the treated group. It is observed that decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya can be used in treatment of Kaphaja Shira Shula (Chronic sinusitis) effectively.

Keywords: Decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya, Kaphaja Shira Shula, Chronic Sinusitis


How to cite this article:
Ediriweera E, Rathnayaka R, Premakeerthi W, Weerasinghe K. Efficacy of Sri Lankan traditional decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadi in treatment of Kaphaja Shira Shula (chronic sinusitis). AYU 2010;31:58-61

How to cite this URL:
Ediriweera E, Rathnayaka R, Premakeerthi W, Weerasinghe K. Efficacy of Sri Lankan traditional decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadi in treatment of Kaphaja Shira Shula (chronic sinusitis). AYU [serial online] 2010 [cited 2019 Jan 21];31:58-61. Available from: http://www.ayujournal.org/text.asp?2010/31/1/58/68208


   Introduction Top


In Ayurveda, Shira Shula is mentioned under Shiro Roga. Kaphaja Shira Shula is one of the 'Shiro Roga' which can be correlated with Chronic Sinusitis. Signs and symptoms of Kaphaja Shira Shula as described in Ayurveda texts are; 'Guru' (Heaviness and fullness of head), 'Himam' (Coldness in head), 'Shuna Akshi Kuta Vadanan' (Swelling of the face especially around the eyes) and 'Shirobhitapah' (Headache) [1],[2],[3] . Chronic sinusitis is one of the very commonly prevalent chronic illnesses in the world. But, it is less prevalent than acute sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis may be defined as a chronic inflammation of the sinuses and maxillary sinus is mostly involved. Acute sinusitis often occurs with upper respiratory infections. Chronic sinusitis may produce less severe symptoms than acute sinusitis, but it can damage the tissues of the sinuses . The signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis are heaviness of the head, tenderness of the head, coldness of the head, headache, swelling of the face, itching in side the ear, itching in the throat and eyes, sneezing, nasal obstruction, nasal discharge, anorexia and drowsiness [4] .

The decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya is mentioned in Watika Prakaranaya; a book on Sri Lankan Traditional Medicine, under the paste of Sarkaradiya as an Anupana for cough and bronchial asthma [5] . The ingredients of decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya are Solanum xanthocarpum (Family: Solanaceae; Sanskrit name: Kantakari), Cuminum cyminum (Family: Umbeliferae; Sanskrit name: Jeeraka), Nigella sativa (Family: Ranunculaceae; Sanskrit name: Krushnajeeraka), Picroihiza kurrupa (Family: Scrophulariaceae; Sanskrit name: Katurohini) and Clerodendrum serratum (Family: Verbenaceae; Sanskrit name: Bharangi) [6] . This decoction is used by traditional physician family Weerasinghe, by adding Saussurea lappa (Family: Compositae; Sanskrit name: Kushtha) instead of C. serratum to treat Kaphaja Shira Shula (chronic sinusitis) successfully. No known scientific studies have been carried out so far, to evaluate the efficacy of this decoction. Hence the present study was carried out in order to scientifically evaluate the efficacy of decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya in treatment of Kaphaja Shira Shula.


   Material & Methods Top


Preparation of Decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya: In this study decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya is prepared according to the experience of traditional physician family Weerasinghe. 12 gm. each of dried entire plant of S. xanthocarpum, dried seeds of C. cyminum and N. sativa, dried roots of P. kurroa and S. lappa were cut into small pieces and boiled in 1920 ml. of water until the volume was reduced to 240 ml.

Preparation of placebo for Decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya: Water was boiled and cooled. Permitted brown food coloring was added, and given as placebo for decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya.

Clinical Study

Eighty patients suffering from Kaphaja Shira Shula (chronic sinusitis) were selected from Ayurveda Teaching Hospital, Borella, Sri Lanka. The clinical study was carried out on the basis of placebo controlled single blind study. They were randomly divided into two groups and named as group A and group B. Detailed history of the current disease was recorded. The degree of signs and symptoms in chronic sinusitis were recorded using a standard performa. Patient having acute respiratory disorders, especially acute sinusitis, allergic rhinitis and acute asthma were excluded from this study. The Group A was treated with 120 ml of decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya twice a day, for twenty one days. Group B was treated with Placebo, 120 ml twice a day, for twenty one days. The response to the treatment was recorded using a scale graded according to the severity of symptoms. The therapeutic effect was evaluated through symptomatic relief of the patients. X-ray in Para Nasal Sinuses and Total White Blood Cell count before treatment and after treatment were recorded.


   Observation & Results Top


In the present study, it was observed that patients suffering from Kaphaja Shira Shula (Chronic Sinusitis) have different habits such as intake of cold drinks and cold foods like ice cream, taking bath early in the morning and late evening, keeping awake in the night without sleeping. Most of the patients had the symptoms such as Headache, Heaviness of the head, Fullness of the head, Sneezing, Nasal discharge and Tearing of the eyes. The therapeutic effect was evaluated through symptomatic relief and the results are given in [Table 1]. Laboratory investigations showed statistical significance of reduction in Eosinophil count in blood in the group treated with decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya as given in [Table 2]. Some X-rays reported that prior to treatment, sinuses are unclear and have cloudy appearance. After treating with decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya, X-ray reports in sinuses were clear and had reduced haziness. Some patients treated with decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya complained of diarrhoea, impaired appetite and mild pain in the abdomen. Anosmia in 17% patients and Vertigo in 20% patients were unchanged when treated with decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya.
Table 1: Percentage of symptomatic relief during the treatment with Decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya in Kaphaja Shira shula (Chronic sinusitis)

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Table 2: Change in White Blood Cells Count during the treatment with Decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya in Kaphaja Shira shula (Chronic sinusitis)

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   Discussion Top


According to the basic doctrine of Ayurveda; Rasa, Guna, Veerya, Vipaka and Prabhawa are very important. As mentioned therein, all dravyas (medicinal ingredients) have particular individual characteristics and Rasa, Guna, Veerya properties which are specific to themselves. Ayurveda treatment is dependent on special basic theory which is called Samanya or homologous and Vishesha or heterologous theory. We can simplify and explain it as Samanya: an ingredient which has similar or homologous effect is given to the patient, so that it would stimulate or enrich the corresponding chemicals/metabolism/organs of the body or, Vishesha: an ingredient which has dissimilar or heterologous effect is given to the patient so that, it would suppress or deplete the counterpart chemicals / metabolism / organs of the body, in order to restore the correct natural balance.

As mentioned above, this decoction contains Tikta, Katu Rasa, Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshna Guna, Ushna Veerya, Katu Vipaka which are heterologous to properties of Kapha Dosha and Madhura Rasa which are heterologous to properties of Vata Dosha. Therefore vitiated and increased Vata and Kapha are decreased by decoction. Decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya contains ingredients such as S. xanthocarpum, C. cyminum, N. sativa and S. lappa which pacify vitiated Kapha and Vata Dosha. Further, P. kurrota pacifies vitiated Kapha and Pitta Dosha. Hence, Decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya pacifies vitiated Vata, Pitta and Kapha Dosha [7] . Since Kaphaja Shira Shula (Chronic sinusitis) is a disease originated by vitiated Vata and Kapha Dosha, decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya is beneficial for Kaphaja Shira Shula (Chronic Sinusitis).


   Conclusion Top


Most patients who were treated with decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya, had complete or partial relief from the symptoms in Kaphaja Shira Shula (Chronic Sinusitis); especially Heaviness of head, Fullness of head, Swelling of the face and around the nose, Dull pain, Itching in side the ear, Itching throat and Nasal obstruction. According to this study reduction of eosinophil count was statistically significant. X-rays reported reduction of haziness and clearing of sinuses when treated with decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya. It is concluded that decoction of Katuwelbatu Deduru Katukadiya is a Sri Lankan traditional decoction which, can successfully be used in treatment of Kaphaja Shira Shula (Chronic Sinusitis) since its ingredients have highly effective properties of pacifying the vitiated Doshas; while being especially effective in pacifying vitiated Vata and Kapha Dosha.

 
   References Top

1.Madhava Nidana text with Sinhala translation by A. Kumarasinghe, Department of Ayurveda, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 1987, p. 454.  Back to cited text no. 1      
2.Sushruta Samhita text with English translation by K.R.S. Srikantha, A house of Oriental and Antiquarian books, Varanasi, India, 2002, p.134.  Back to cited text no. 2      
3.Charaka Samhitha text with English translation by Prof P.V. Sharma, (ed and trans), Chaukhambha Orientalia, Varanasi, India, 1983, p. 116.  Back to cited text no. 3      
4.Bull, P.D., Lecture Notes on Disease of the Ear Nose Throat, Blackwell scientific Publication, England, 1996, p. 87.  Back to cited text no. 4      
5.Aylapperuma, S.D.A., Watika Prakaranaya, Vidyawardana press, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 1914, p. 151.  Back to cited text no. 5      
6.Jayaweera, D.M.A., Medicinal plant (Indigenous and Exotic) used in Ceylon, The national science council of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka, 1981. Vo. l4: 67.  Back to cited text no. 6      
7.Ayurveda Pharmacopeias, Department of Ayurveda, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 1985. Vol 1: part III, p. 83, 84, 110, 344.  Back to cited text no. 7      



 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2]


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